Abstract

The truncated plate and geologic contact are commercially important structures which can be located by the gravity method. The interpretation can be improved if both the horizontal and vertical gradients are known. Vertical gradients are difficult to measure precisely, but with modern gravimeters the horizontal gradient can be measured conveniently and accurately. This paper shows how the vertical gradient can be obtained from the horizontal gradient by the use of a Hilbert transform. A procedure is then presented which easily enables the position, dip angle, depth, thickness, and density contrast of a postulated plate to be precisely and unambiguously derived from a plot of the horizontal gradient against the vertical gradient at each point measured. The procedure is demonstrated using theoretical data.

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