Global geomagnetic field models, usually computed from spherical harmonic series, are becoming more important in the reduction of magnetic surveys. When used correctly, a numerical model of sufficient complexity, including adequate secular variation correction, provides a suitable representation of the regional field. The best known and most widely used of the available field models is the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF). However, the IGRF may not be suitable for the reduction of all magnetic survey data because of its imperfect fit to the main field, particularly since 1968.

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