Abstract

The analysis for magnetite or 'magnetite equivalent' by means of magnetic susceptibility is more rapid, lower in cost, and, in general, as precise as other methods of analysis.'Magnetite equivalent' analysis is affected by grain size if the individual particles are less than 40 microns in diameter, by the remnant magnetization if greater than about 12 percent of saturation magnetization, and by the presence of other magnetic minerals. The presence of other magnetic minerals does not reflect as great an error in the final result using the susceptibility method as in other methods.Davis tube separation as a method for magnetite analysis is affected by other magnetic minerals but is mainly dependent upon degree of mineral liberation by grinding. Chemical analysis with the subsequent calculation of magnetite content is in error due to presence of other iron-bearing minerals whether magnetic or nonmagnetic and is particularly affected by the presence of metallic iron from sample preparation. Metallic iron apparently enters solution by the following reaction:EquationThus, one unit of metallic iron would be counted as approximately 12 units of magnetite in the calculation of magnetite content.Analysis for 'magnetite equivalent' and chemical analysis for total soluble iron can provide an accurate evaluation of the amount of nonmagnetic iron in any particular ore, especially in mixed magnetite-hematite ores.Equipment for direct readout of grams magnetite per 100 cc was designed using the differential transformer principle. Calibration is linear below 20 grams magnetite per 100 cc, and measurement of apparent density of sample readily converts the readings to percent magnetite by weight.

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