A total of 500 hours of usable ocean-bottom seismic data recorded on pressure and three components of velocity has been collected in three geographically separate areas of the Pacific Ocean at depths to 20,000 ft. These data are presently being analyzed to determine the extent to which monitoring seismic motion on the ocean floor can assist Project VELA UNIFORM goals of detection and identification of underground and underwater nuclear blasts.Analysis of three earthquakes and ambient noise recorded simultaneously on the ocean bottom and land reveals: 1. Ocean-bottom signal-to-noise ratios are equal to or less than those seen at a comparative land station; 2. Ocean-bottom signal and noise levels are higher than those obtained at the land station; and3. Ocean-bottom ambient noise power spectra increase in level towards the microseismic 6- to 8-sec peak as do the land data. No strong directional ocean-bottom noise components have been observed. Simultaneous recording of pressure and particle velocity affords the ocean-bottom station a distinct advantage over its land counterpart, through exploitation of the relationships between pressure and vertical velocity which exist for various types of arrivals and modes.