Abstract

Two experiments on the coupling of seismic waves to the surrounding medium have been conducted. One was performed at two different overburden depths in a tunnel complex at the Nevada Test Site in the Oak Spring Tuff. The other was done at a depth of 800 ft in the Carey Salt Mine at the Winnfield Salt Dome near Winnfield, Louisiana. Free-field measurements within 400 ft of the chemical charges indicate that three to four times more energy was propagated into the elastic zone in the tuff than in the salt. There is some indication that in tuff the amount of energy transmitted into the elastic zone was dependent upon the lithostatic overburden pressure. Increasing the overburden pressure by a factor of about five almost quadrupled the energy propagated into the elastic zone.

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