Two ground magnetometer surveys over iron ore deposits in Jamaica are described and the results of the observations interpreted. An improvised but economical technique is used to measure the main magnetic properties of ore samples obtained from surface exposures, and a suitable statistical analysis is applied to determine the significance of these observations. The interpretation of the magnetic profiles, carried out on the basis of these observations, is complicated by the non-uniformity of the natural remanent magnetization of the ores and the roughness of Jamaican topography. The ambiguities due to the latter factor are diminished by taking into account in the computations the changes in the elevation of the ground surface. The results of the interpretation are on the whole successful and give the approximate sizes and positions of the main ore bodies. A conclusion is reached that, in the case of small-scale near-surface deposits whose approximate position is already known, ground magnetometer surveys can be superior to those made from the air because of their smaller cost and greater power of resolution in rough terrain.