Abstract

On one particular prospect in shallow water repetitive patterns appeared on short spread seismograms in such prevalence as to jeopardize identification of desired reflections. It is demonstrated that under favorable conditions, less restrictive than thought necessary heretofore, a layer of water comprises an effective wave guide for seismic energy propagation. Reinforcement fronts formed by multiple reflection of sound in water can develop into a set of waves completely overshadowing other seismic arrivals. With but minor modifications conventional wave guide theory applies. Examples from the prospect are presented to illustrate various reinforcement patterns. Observed frequency characteristics, group velocity, and phase velocity magnitudes are investigated for normal modes of propagation.

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