The application of physics to the search for minerals and especially for petroleum began in earnest after the first World War. As Weatherby has stated in his excellent paper on The History and Development of Seismic Prospecting (1940) “the stage had been carefully set and the players were ready to perform their new roles as prospectors.” Minthrop in Germany and Karcher, Hasemann, Eckhardt, and McCullom in this country were considering the use of artificial seismic waves in finding oil-bearing structure. Ferdinand Suess in Hungary was building Eötvös torsion balances and the Askania Company in Germany was constructing torsion balances and magnetometers.

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