Abstract

Reflection seismograph observations supply a means of determining the average vertical velocity of seismic waves from the ground surface to the depth of any good reflecting horizon, through measurements of 'angularity corrections.' Specially grouped arrangements of shot points and detectors are illustrated and described, which minimize error in making these measurements. Reflection seismograph observations using these arrangements were made at four locations where well velocity surveys were available. Comparison of results indicates that average vertical velocities good to within 3% can be obtained by this method, under favorable conditions.

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