By using a four-step oscillating method of observation, four values are obtained for the increment in the measured value between consecutive stations. If the drift or 'zero creep' of the instrument is regular, even when large, or not linear, this furnishes a means of improving the reliability of the readings and permits the detection of erratic readings. In areal surveys, a primary net of values may be established by this oscillating method and this net used as a base into which to adjust chains of observations. Intermediate values may sometimes be desirable, such values being adjusted into the primary net by the oscillating method. An example shows the application of the method to a gravimetric survey.

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