Peter Molnar, Paul Tapponnier; Relation of the tectonics of eastern China to the India-Eurasia collision: Application of slip-line field theory to large-scale continental tectonics. Geology ; 5 (4): 212–216. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1977)5<212:ROTTOE>2.0.CO;2
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The active tectonics of northeast China is dominated by strike-slip and normal faulting, with right-lateral motion on north-northeast-trending planes, left-lateral motion on west-northwest-trending planes, and extension in approximately a north-northwest direction. Southeast China, however, is relatively stable. We interpret both the style of deformation in northeast China and the stability of southeast China as consequences of the India-Eurasia collision and the presumably relatively small compressive stress transmitted across the island arcs of the western Pacific. The relationship of the stress field and deformation in eastern China to the India-Eurasia collision are analogous to those in a laterally bounded rigid-plastic medium indented by a rigid die (India).