Abstract

We present evidence for an extrusion wedge in the Scandian fold-thrust belt of the central Scandinavian Caledonides (Seve nappe complex). Rb-Sr multimineral geochronology in synkinematic assemblages indicates simultaneous movements at the normal-sense roof shear zone and at the reverse-sense floor shear zone between 434 Ma and 429 Ma. A Sm-Nd age of 462 Ma from a mylonitic garnet mica schist documents prograde garnet growth and possible incipient subduction. Pressure-temperature pseudosection calculations provide evidence for eclogite facies metamorphic conditions and nearly isothermal decompression at ∼670 ± 50 °C from 17.5 to 14.5 kbar in garnet-kyanite mica schists during reverse-sense shearing, and from 15 to 11 kbar in garnet mica schists during normal-sense shearing. These data and the presence of decompression-related pegmatites dated at 434 Ma and 429 Ma indicate that the Seve nappes form a large-scale extrusion wedge. This wedge extends along strike for at least 150 km and marks an early stage of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism, exhumation, and orogenic wedge formation in this part of the Scandinavian Caledonides predating the major, post–415 Ma ultrahigh-pressure exhumation processes in southwestern Norway.

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