Niklas Heinemann, Mark Wilkinson, R. Stuart Haszeldine, Anthony E. Fallick, Gillian E. Pickup; CO2 sequestration in a UK North Sea analogue for geological carbon storage. Geology 2013; 41 (4): 411-414. doi: 10.1130/G33835.1
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The Fizzy discovery, a southern North Sea (UK) gas accumulation with ∼50% natural CO2 content, provides an opportunity to study the long-term quantity of CO2-related mineral reaction as an analogue for engineered CO2 storage. The reservoir contains diagenetic dolomite typical of the formation; to identify and quantify any sequestration-related dolomite is challenging. To this end, CO2 was extracted by stepwise extraction from dolomite from both the Fizzy discovery and equivalent sandstones from a low-CO2 location. Between 0% and 22% of the dolomite in the Fizzy discovery precipitated due to the high CO2 concentration. This corresponds to 11% ± 8% of the recent high-CO2 charge sequestered as dolomite, a relatively low proportion after ∼50 m.y. of potential CO2-water-rock interaction.