Abstract

The Mesozoic high-Mg dioritic rocks in the North China Craton have been suggested to be part of adakitic rocks. The origin of the high-Mg diorites has been attributed to equilibration of partial melts from delaminated mafic crust (eclogite) with mantle peridotite. Here we present petrological and Os isotopic data against the delamination model, and propose a process of magma mixing between siliceous crustal melts and basaltic magma from metasomatized mantle in a post-kinematic setting for their origin. The magma mixing process is supported by (1) euhedral overgrowths of high-Ca plagioclase and high-Mg pyroxene over low-Ca plagioclase and low-Mg pyroxene, respectively, and (2) highly radiogenic Os isotopic compositions, and negatively correlated Nd and Sr isotopic ratios. Our proposed model is probably applicable to the general mode of origin and tectonic settings of high-Mg adakitic magmas.

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