Abstract

Carbonate ultracataclasite (CUC) is found as a veneer along the bedding plane portion of the Eocene Heart Mountain detachment (Wyoming, United States). At White Mountain, where the CUC is thickest, we report the discovery of six dikes, as much as 1 m wide, that were intruded vertically ∼120 m from the detachment into the overlying Madison and Bighorn Formations. The horizontal basal detachment and injectite material is texturally, petrographically, geochemically, and isotopically identical, containing sparse, sand- to pebble-sized andesitic clasts, various quartz-calcite melt spherules, and armored lapilli in a matrix (95%) of fine-grained calcite. The relationship of hanging wall displacement to fault gouge generation, and the presence of vertical, 120 m, fault gouge injectites, makes the Heart Mountain slide anomalous to all fault systems, especially as this fault system had only one episode of motion.

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