Abstract

This article uses measurements from a three-dimensional exposure of a sinuous submarine channel and its fill to document, for the first time, how flow properties and sedimentation differ between erosional and filling stages. Two units, recording this sequential evolution, are documented. Unit 1 records gravity flows that deepened and laterally migrated the channel, resulting in the deposition of point bars, with coarsening-upward profiles, on the inner part of channel bends. These gravity flows were mud-rich with a wide grain-size distribution. Flow heights exceeded the depth of the channel resulting in the deposition of levees. Strong secondary flow is evident with a helical pattern reversed to their subaerial counterparts. Strata in point bars and levees are inclined and deposited primarily by tractive processes. Unit 2 records gravity flows that filled the channel. These gravity flows were sand-rich with a relatively narrow grain-size distribution. Flow heights scaled to the depth of the channel, and they contain no evidence for secondary flow. Associated strata are horizontal and deposited primarily from suspension.

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