Abstract

Two Paleogene ocean islands are exposed in the Azuero Peninsula, west Panama, within sequences accreted in the early-Middle Eocene. A multidisciplinary approach involving lithologic mapping, paleontological age determinations, and petrological study allows reconstruction of the stratigraphy and magmatic evolution of one of these intraplate oceanic volcanoes. From base to top, the volcano's structure comprises submarine basaltic lava flows locally interlayered with hemipelagic sediments, basaltic breccias, shallow-water limestones, and subaerial basaltic lava. Gabbros and basaltic dikes were emplaced along a rift zone of the island. Geochemical trends of basaltic lavas include decreased Mg# {[Mg/(Mg + Fe)] * 100} and, with time, increased incompatible element contents thought to be representative of many poorly documented intraplate volcanoes in the Pacific. Our results show that, in addition to deep drilling, the roots of oceanic islands can be explored through studies of accreted and subaerially exhumed oceanic sequences.

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