Abstract

We report new paleomagnetic and geochronological data from Ediacaran rift-drift carbonates in the Paraguai belt at the southern end of the suture zone between the Amazon craton and the São Francisco and Rio de Plata cratons, South America. Early thrusting resulted in remagnetization ca. 528 ± 36 Ma or later; the mean age is established by 40Ar/39Ar encapsulation dating of mixed authigenic and detrital illite from remagnetized carbonates from the unmetamorphosed fold-thrust belt. This remagnetization overlaps with a 525 Ma Gondwana reference pole. Metamorphic illite from the slate belt yields 40Ar/39Ar ages of 496–484 Ma, the timing of peak regional metamorphism. Oroclinal bending of the Paraguai belt was caused by a 90° clockwise rotation of the east-west limb after ca. 528 Ma, probably reflecting the irregular margin of the southeast Amazon craton. The age of the Paraguai belt overlaps with that of the Pampean orogeny farther south along the western margin of the Rio de Plata craton, suggesting a coeval closure for the Clymene ocean separating the Amazon craton from the São Francisco and Rio de Plata cratons.

You do not currently have access to this article.