Abstract

Although large volumes of magma and fluid move through the crust, the sites where these volumes once resided are difficult to recognize. We show that some (foliation) boudinage and shear band structures, which are classically interpreted as resulting from externally imposed extension or shearing, are better explained by the ductile collapse of magma- or fluid-filled voids. Experiments show that the shape of the collapse structures depends on the original shape of the void and the direction of confluence of its walls when its contents are drained. This can lead to both symmetrical boudin-like and asymmetrical shear band–like structures. The recognition of the true nature of these structures necessitates a reevaluation of strain measurements reported in the literature and the tectonic models based on them. Identifying the “missing volumes” clarifies the way magma makes granite plutons many cubic kilometers in volume in the upper crust.

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