Richard A. Schultz, Chris H. Okubo, Cheryl L. Goudy, Scott J. Wilkins; Igneous dikes on Mars revealed by Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter topography. Geology ; 32 (10): 889–892. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/G20548.1
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The origin of Martian grabens has remained controversial for decades, given the nonuniqueness of graben morphology and conflicting interpretations of dike-induced or faulting-based formation processes. We use measurements from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter to identify the characteristic topographic signature at the surface of an igneous dike beneath a Martian graben. Our results suggest that this subtle but diagnostic signature can be used to test competing interpretations of the formation of grabens and associated fissures and collapse depressions.