Klaus Gessner, Uwe Ring, Christopher Johnson, Ralf Hetzel, Cees W. Passchier, Talip Güngör; An active bivergent rolling-hinge detachment system: Central Menderes metamorphic core complex in western Turkey. Geology ; 29 (7): 611–614. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0611:AABRHD>2.0.CO;2
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Two symmetrically arranged detachment systems delimit the central Menderes metamorphic core complex and define a bivergent continental breakaway zone in the Anatolide belt of western Turkey. Structural analysis and apatite fission-track thermochronology show that a large east-trending syncline within the Alpine nappe stack in the central part of the orogen is related to late Miocene–early Pliocene to recent core-complex formation. The syncline formed as a result of two opposite-facing rolling hinges in the footwalls of each of the two detachments. Back-rotation of the syncline limbs suggests that the detachments rotated from an initial dip of 40°–60° to a currently shallow orientation of 0°–20°.