Abstract

The heterogeneity of eruptions attributed to protracted fractionation in subvolcanic magma chambers may instead result from chamber recharge. The case of mafic magma intruding andesitic slush is recognized as giving rise to hybrid effusive eruptions such as at Unzen volcano, Japan, and Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat. We propose that zoned andesite-rhyolite explosive eruptions are the complement to mafic recharge, where the resident magma is also andesitic but the intruding magma is silicic.

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