Alan Bruce Thompson, Karel Schulmann, Josef Jezek; Extrusion tectonics and elevation of lower crustal metamorphic rocks in convergent orogens. Geology ; 25 (6): 491–494. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1997)025<0491:ETAEOL>2.3.CO;2
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In the proposed model, weak zones of rheologically homogeneous crust, continually compressed between rigid lithospheric indenting plates, can be exhumed upward by extrusion. The rate of exhumation is governed by the rate of convergence of approaching plates and by the width of the weak deformable zone. Modeled extrusion results in near-isothermal decompression during the rapid elevation history in narrow orogenic belts for realistic plate velocities. Such pressure-temperature-time paths exhibit distinct collapsed geochronologies and record maximum metamorphic temperatures (Tmax) at the maximum burial depth (Pmax).