Abstract

Results from laboratory experiments show that ice at its melting temperature regelated through dense, three-dimensional arrays off clasts abrading a rock bed. Regelation theory for an isolated, stationary array of clasts successfully approximates periods when ice separated from the bed, thermal gradients, and clast-bed contact forces, despite the relative motion of clasts and incoming heat from the bed. The process may entrain sediment at glacier beds and restrict deposition to zones where sediment in ice is concentrated, effective pressure is low, and basal melting is rapid.

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