Michael O. Garcia, A. A. Presti; Glass in garnet pyroxenite xenoliths from Kaula Island, Hawaii: Product of infiltration of host nephelinite. Geology ; 15 (10): 904–906. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1987)15<904:GIGPXF>2.0.CO;2
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Garnet-bearing, mantle-derived pyroxenites have been found at a new locality in Hawaii, Kaula Island. They occur as xenoliths in a nephelinite tuff. Some of the pyroxenites contain basaltic glasses, a common feature in mantle-derived xenoliths. Results of petrography, mineral chemistry, and least-squares mixing calculations show that the glasses are products of infiltration of the host nephelinite into the xenoliths and partial assimilation of garnet, spinel, and clinopyroxene. These results should encourage others to thoroughly test petrographically viable explanations for glasses in xenoliths before invoking absent phases or metasomatic fluids as explanations for the glasses.