Abstract

Calcium-carbonate cements precipitated in low-temperature, near-surface, vadose environments contain fluid inclusions of variable vapor-to-liquid ratios that yield variable homogenization temperatures. Cements precipitated in low-temperature, phreatic environments contain one-phase, all-liquid fluid inclusions. Neomorphism of unstable calcium-carbonate phases may cause reequilibration of fluid inclusions. Stable calcium-carbonate cements of low-temperature origin, which have been deeply buried, contain fluid inclusions of variable homogenization temperature and variable salt composition. Most inclusion fluids are not representative of the fluids present during cement growth and are more indicative of burial pore fluids. Therefore, low-temperature fluid inclusions probably reequilibrate with burial fluids during progressive burial. Reequilibration is likely caused by high internal pressures in inclusions which result in hydrofracturing. The resulting fluid-inclusion population could contain a nearly complete record of burial fluids in which a particular rock has been bathed.

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