Field, petrographic, and geochemical studies suggest that the Limassol Forest complex formed in a leaky, left-lateral, oceanic transform fault. Multiple mafic and ultramafic intrusions into tectonized harzburgite were synchronous with ductile and later brittle tectonism. A history of increasingly chilled intrusive contacts, a transition from ductile to brittle deformation, and a decrease in metamorphic grade all indicate continuous cooling and uplift of the harzburgite mantle host while it was part of an active transform domain. The occurrence of multiple 040°N-trending mafic and picrite dikes with extremely depleted, high-field-strength element abundance suggests that strike-slip movement along the transform fault was accompanied by extension that led to magma emplacement and eruption.

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