Association of lineations with single fold systems, with multiple fold systems, and with intensely deformed belts is discussed, with examples from the central Ross-shire and Glenelg areas of western Scotland, thus including both Moinian and Lewisian rocks. The conclusion is reached that there is a constant relationship between small and large structures, which is sometimes obscured by the complexity of the folding, and that a fold system should be fully understood before the smaller structures are discussed. The view that lineation in the Moine developed during regional folding and metamorphism is considered valid, but the contention that the axis was northwest-southeast is refuted by field evidence.