"Mines near Culross, in Fife, have traversed a vent of Upper Limestone group (Namurian) age at levels estimated to be 150 to 250 feet below the contemporary surface. The vent-filling comprises a central basaltic tuff, and a marginal lithic tuff derived entirely from the Carboniferous sedimentary rocks. A sill-like body of lithic tuff has been intruded beyond the vent margins. In sediments outside the vent post-volcanic subsidence has generated small faults; these become flat-lying or undulating where they traverse mudstones and siltstones that are inferred to have been incompletely indurated at the time of the subsidence. The volcanic and post-volcanic processes are discussed in the light of Cloos' interpretation of Swabian volcanism."

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