Several modes of origin, including landslip and glaciation, have been proposed to explain the formation of the lakes in the Kumaon district, India. Recent field investigation indicates that the lakes, although close to each other, probably have individual origins, but that the underlying conditions bearing on these origins are common to all of them. Erosion, landslip, and slumping, associated with recent earth movements, and the diversified lithology characteristic of the district are considered the important factors.

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