Potential interactions between the solid Earth and the climate system have long been recognized by geoscientists. Such links have been the subject of both modelling and observational studies that have attempted to assess the degree and nature of any coupling. The uplift of high mountains and the closure of ocean gateways disrupt circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans, and thereby affect the transfer of heat from low latitudes to the poles (Borrelli et al.2014; Korte et al.2015; Tada et al.2016). It has been suggested that uplift of mountains also causes long-term cooling as...

You do not currently have access to this article.