Abstract

The Capitanian to Wuchiapingian deposits in Zagros (southwest Iran), Alborz (North Iran) and Central Iran display important information about the end-Guadalupian extinction. According to lithological characteristics in the studied sections, the Guadalupian–Lopingian boundary (G-LB) interval can be subdivided into three units: the Capitanian unit, the latest Capitanian unit or interval unit (i.e. deposits in the topmost portion of the Capitanian strata) and the Wuchiapingian unit. The G-LB horizon is set at the base of Wuchiapingian deposits based on the first appearance datum (FAD) of the Late Permian diagnostic small foraminifers. The Capitanian unit was deposited subtidally, but the latest Capitanian unit was in the intertidal zone. The Wuchiapingian unit shows the return of subtidal conditions. A remarkable subaerial exposure occurs at the top of the Ruteh Formation, in Alborz, which is a laterite/bauxite horizon followed by continental deposits. The overall facies change in the G-L boundary intervals in the sections under study indicates a sea level drop around the G-LB which was at its lowest level in the Ruteh section. The decline and elimination of shallow marine biota in the G-LB interval took place in two steps in the Zagros and Alborz sections and in one step in Central Iran. These are indicative of the appearance of the stressful environment during the late Capitanian shallowing trend before the G-LB. The sea level drop and regression in the late Capitanian can be considered the major causes of end-Guadalupian extinction in the Iranian sections, but in the Alborz area volcanic activity is another feasible cause of this crisis.

You do not currently have access to this article.