Abstract

The Kaj-Rostam Abad, Dashtak and Doab diapirs are part of the Precambrian–Cambrian Hormuz series that are rich in igneous inclusions concentrated by dissolution of diapiric salt. They are situated in the Iran–Pakistan salt range and commonly associated with inclusions of basalt, trachyte, andesite, micro-gabbro, gypsum and anhydrite, with lesser amounts of carbonate rocks. The mineral assemblage in these inclusions developed in three stages: (I) magmatic stage (diopside, Ti-augite, kaersutite, plagioclase, apatite, biotite and opaque minerals), (II) late magmatic stage (biotite, quartz, chlorite, albite, calcite, titanite, epidote, actinolite and opaque minerals) and (III) vein mineralization (quartz, chlorite, albite, calcite, garnet, epidote, opaque minerals and actinolite). Clinopyroxene is diopside to Ti-augite. Actinolite, kaersutite, albite and pycnochlorite are constituents of the metasomatic rocks of the area. Chlorite geothermometry yielded a temperature of 330–500 °C for chlorite formation. Clinopyroxene thermobarometry ranges from 960 ≤ T ≤ 1440 °C and 1 ≤ P ≤ 10 kbar. The presence of halite-bearing fluid inclusions in hydrothermal quartz veins with homogenization temperatures between 320 and 350 °C points to strong evidence of hydrothermal events. The salinity of these fluids is 39.8–42.7 wt% NaCl. δ18O data on hydrothermal quartz veins range from 14.89 to 22.09 ‰ (SMOW), indicating that the studied samples were affected by fluids originated from sedimentary-evaporitic rocks. Meteoric water that penetrated the evaporitic rocks likely mixed with late magmatic fluids while subjected to magmatic heat, when buried to depths of several kilometres by the Phanerozoic cover sequence. Whole-rock geochemistry data for the studied rocks emphasize their alkaline to sub-alkaline affinities, in a transitional magmatic series.

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