Forming a northern continuation of the Moldanubian Thrust Zone, the Staré Město Belt comprises an E-verging thrust stack of three narrow lithotectonic units that exhibit variations in their respective P–T records. The upper and lower units form the respective margins of the hanging wall and footwall of the suture zone and are dominated by amphibolite grade metasedimentary successions. The middle unit is defined by an elongated body of MORB-like amphibolites that contains inserts of migmatized mica schists. Integrating both structural studies and pseudosection modelling in the MnNCKFMASH system shows that the present-day tectonic architecture of the Staré Město Belt is the result of a polyphase Variscan evolution. During a frontal, WNW–ESE-directed (in present-day coordinates) collision between the Bohemian Massif terranes and the Brunovistulian terrane, the metasedimentary rocks of the Staré Město Belt experienced tectonic burial to depths corresponding to 7–9 kbar. The continuous indentation and underthrusting of the Brunovistulian terrane led to top-to-the-ESE folding and uplift of these rocks to depths corresponding to 5.5–6.0 kbar at peak temperature. At depths corresponding to 5.5 kbar, the Staré Město Belt underwent subsequent dextral (top-to-the-NNE) shearing that was locally associated with nearly isobaric heating, possibly related to the emplacement of a Carboniferous tonalite body in the axial part of the Staré Město Belt. Subsequent tectonic compression resulted in the Variscan WNW-dipping metamorphic foliations becoming locally (N)NE- or ESE-dipping.