This book aims to take a dynamical systems approach to climate modelling. Instead of modelling global climate as a system in equilibrium, the approach is to allow for the variations in ‘boundary conditions’ over many different time scales. The relevant boundary conditions include such factors as atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, solar forcing (solar ‘constant’ changes and Milankovitch cycles), continental positions and elevations as well as sea level. The book considers in three parts: I, the documented nature of climate changes and adoption of a dynamical systems approach; II, the physics behind different parts of the climate system (especially atmospheric CO...

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