An account is given of Yelele, a Miocene volcano, situated on the Turkana escarpment, north-east Uganda. It is composed of lavas and dykes of nephelinite, phonolite, tephrite, and trachyte together with olivine-bearing varieties, and has a central plug of ijolite and nepheline syenite. A northern (Yelele) plagioclase-bearing suite of lavas and a southern (Elgon) melilite-bearing suite are derived by different fractionation trends from an olivine melanephelinite parent which itself is the dense portion of a nephelinitic parent magma.

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