The probability of collecting a sample containing at least one large nugget from an exploration prospect (and thus detecting the nugget-borne mineralization) can be calculated using Poisson statistics and an equant grain model that describes the sampling characteristics of mineralization containing a range of nugget sizes. This procedure requires an estimate of the mass-weighted, average (effective) nugget grain size in the mineralized material, and an estimate of the (expected) grade of mineralization. Using these parameters, the number of effective nuggets in an equivalent equant grain model that describes the sampling characteristics of mineralization can be determined and used to estimate the Poisson probability of collecting at least one large nugget in a real sample. With this information, the probability of collecting m large nugget-bearing samples from a set of n samples can be determined using binomial statistics, providing the explorationist with an estimate of how well a prospect containing nugget-borne mineralization will be assessed using those n samples. Software can be used to perform the associated calculations.