Ascertaining regional radiogeochemical characteristics and lithospheric thermal structure characteristics is paramount for identifying the resource potential of hot dry rocks. This study conducted thermal conductivity testing and whole-rock analyses of outcrop granites of different formation epochs from the Tengchong area. Moreover, combined with the previously published whole-rock data and the data related to radioactive heat production rates, this study conducted geological, geophysical and geothermal analyses. Key findings are:

(1) Granites in the Tengchong area exhibit an average radioactive heat generation rate of 5.54 μW m−3. Among them, the Late Cretaceous granites have an average radioactive heat generation rate of 8.08 μW m−3, suggesting high heat production granites.

(2) Granites in the Tengchong area present an average thermal conductivity of 3.135 W.m−1K−1, relatively akin to the average values of granitic rocks worldwide. Compared to granites of other epochs, the Late Cretaceous granites manifest significantly higher thermal conductivities, with an average of 3.28 W.m−1K−1.

(3) There is a negative correlation between the mica content and the thermal conductivity of the granites in the Tengchong area.

(4) The Tengchong area holds potential for hot dry rocks exploitation and is inferred to have a lithospheric structure characterized by hot mantle and cold crust.

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