Hyperspectral remote sensing data from the Eastern Fold Belt, Mount Isa Inlier, Australia were compared with petrographic and geochemical studies to map the spatial extension and compositional variations of Proterozoic granitoids and endoskarns as well as hydrothermal alteration patterns in adjoining metasedimentary successions.
Detailed spatial analysis of spectral remote sensing data shows an almost circular alteration zoning in the Mallee Gap Granite, which was emplaced during a late phase of the Mesoproterozoic Williams event. A combination of hyperspectral images, such as white mica, kaolin and MgOH products, were used to map the alteration zoning. The formation of the endoskarn is presumably related to autometasomatism and interaction with fluids released from the country rocks during a late phase of the emplacement. The intrusion of the Mallee Gap Granite has only a local control on the hydrothermal alteration, but high potassic granites of the southern Mount Angelay Granite might have expelled oxidized mineralizing fluids and possibly had a major impact on regional scale alteration. Hyperspectral remote sensing data may be used to estimate the imprint of single igneous bodies on the Mesoproterozoic hydrothermal evolution of the Eastern Fold Belt and are important for the study of ore-forming hydrothermal processes in general.