The rockbridgeite group has been officially established by the IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification. The general formula is based on the structure and is A2B3(PO4)3(OH, H2O)5, where A = the octahedrally coordinated M2 site, in which divalent cations are ordered, and B = the octahedrally coordinated M1 + M3 sites, which contain predominantly Fe3+, with trace Al. The different rockbridgeite-group minerals are distinguished by the occupancy of the A site. The ideal formula for rockbridgeite is Fe0.52+Fe0.53+2Fe33+PO43OH5, that for frondelite is Mn0.52+Fe0.53+2Fe33+PO43OH5 and that for plimerite is Zn2Fe33+PO43OH4(H2O). In order to preserve the identity of frondelite and rockbridgeite within the structure-based formalism, these species correspond to mid-series compositions. We describe here the new end-member, ferrorockbridgeite, with dominant Fe2+ in the A site, from the Hagendorf Süd pegmatite mine, Oberpfalz, Bavaria. Electron microprobe analyses, coupled with Mössbauer spectroscopy, gives the empirical formula Fe1.332+Mn0.522+Zn0.03Ca0.05Fe3.033+Al0.01P2.97H6.17O17. The simplified formula is Fe2+,Mn2+2Fe33+PO43OH4(H2O). Ferrorockbridgeite is orthorhombic, space group Bbmm, with a = 13.9880(4), b = 16.9026(5), c = 5.1816(1) Å, V = 1225.1 Å3 and Z = 4. The six strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [dmeas/Å (I) (hkl)]: 4.853 (26) (101), 3.615 (24) (240), 3.465 (33) (301), 3.424 (39) (410), 3.205 (100) (321) and 1.603 (24) (642). Optically, ferrorockbridgeite is biaxial (–) with α = 1.763(3), β = 1.781(calc), γ = 1.797(3) (white light) and 2V (meas.) = 87(1)° from extinction data. The optical orientation is X = c, Y = a, Z = b. The pleochroism is X = blue green, Y = olive green, Z = yellow brown; X ≈ Y > Z.

You do not currently have access to this article.