A new twin in staurolite has been recently reported from Coray (Brittany, France). From morphological measurements the twin plane has been identified as (202), which corresponds to twinning by reticular pseudomerohedry with index 3 and obliquity 0.97°. On the basis of the high-degree of lattice restoration, significantly higher than that in the other well-known twins in staurolite (Greek cross and Saint Andrews cross), one would expect a high probability of occurrence for this twin. Its rarity can be explained on structural bases. The interface corresponding to the twin plane leads to a highly disrupted coordination, where only half of the tetrahedra are restored. This makes a contact twin highly unlikely. The reported twin is actually a penetration twin, in which the irregular composition surface may have compensated, to some extent, the unfavourable structural match.
Research Article| July 01, 2019
Structural interpretation of a new twin in staurolite from Coray, Brittany, France
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Massimo Nespolo, Yves Moëlo; Structural interpretation of a new twin in staurolite from Coray, Brittany, France. European Journal of Mineralogy ; 31 (4): 785–790. doi: https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2849
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