The newly defined gadolinite supergroup approved by the IMA CNMNC (vote 16-A) includes mineral species that have the general chemical formula A2MQ2T2O8φ2 and belong to silicates, phosphates and arsenates. Each site is occupied by: A − Ca, REE (Y and lanthanoids), actinoids, Pb, Mn2+, Bi; M − Fe, □ (vacancy), Mg, Mn, Zn, Cu, Al; Q − B, Be, Li; T − Si, P, As, B, Be, S; and φ − O, OH, F. The classification of the gadolinite supergroup is based on the occupancy of A, M, Q, T and φ sites and application of the dominant-valency and dominant-constituent rules. The gadolinite supergroup is divided into two groups defined by prevailing charge occupancy at the T site − Si4+ in gadolinite group and P5+ or As5+ in herderite group. The gadolinite group is divided into the gadolinite and datolite subgroups. The A site is dominantly occupied by divalent cations in the datolite subgroup and by trivalent cations in the gadolinite subgroup. Accordingly, the Q site is dominantly occupied by B3+ in the datolite subgroup and by Be2+ in the gadolinite subgroup. The herderite group is divided into two subgroups. The herderite subgroup is defined by the dominant divalent cation (usually Ca2+) in the A site and Be2+ in the Q site, while the M site is vacant. The drugmanite subgroup is defined by the dominance of divalent cations (usually Pb2+) in the A site, vacancy in the Q site and the occupation of the M site. Moreover, “bakerite” is discredited as mineral species because it does not meet the conditions of the dominant-constituent rule.
Nomenclature of the gadolinite supergroup
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Peter Bačík, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Daniel Atencio, Fernando Cámara, Jana Fridrichová; Nomenclature of the gadolinite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 2017;; 29 (6): 1067–1082. doi: https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2659
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