We mineralogists have much to learn from the biological world, as organisms have been mastering the art of making minerals for eons. As a result of evolution, organisms have developed a specialized biological machinery able to produce a number of minerals (mainly carbonates, phosphates, silica varieties, some oxides) in a wide array of morphologies and microstructures that they form at atmospheric conditions from readily available ingredients they take from the surrounding environment. They use these minerals to build highly sophisticated mineralized structures (i.e., otoliths, bones, shells, teeth) specially adapted for specific functions (i.e., sensing, structural support,...

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