Laser Raman microspectroscopy was applied to quartz inclusions in coesite- and diamond-grade metapelites from the Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic (UHPM) complex, Northern Kazakhstan, and diamond-grade eclogite xenoliths from the Mir kimberlite pipe, Yakutiya, Russia to assess the quantitative correlation between the Raman frequency shift and metamorphic pressure. Quartz crystals sealed in garnets have a higher frequency shift than those in the matrix. Residual pressures retained by quartz inclusions depend on the metamorphic history of the garnet host. The Raman frequency shift of quartz inclusions in garnet from coesite-grade and diamond-grade metamorphic rocks shows no systematic change with increasing peak metamorphic pressures. The highest shifts of the main Raman bands of quartz were documented for monocrystalline quartz inclusions in garnets from a diamond-grade eclogite xenolith. Calibrations based on experimental work suggest that the measured Raman frequency shifts signify residual pressures of 0.1–0.6 GPa for quartz inclusions from coesite-grade metapelites from Kokchetav, 0.1–0.3 GPa for quartz inclusions from diamond-grade metapelites from Kokchetav, and 1.0–1.2 GPa for quartz inclusions from the diamond-grade eclogite xenoliths from the Mir kimberlite pipe. Normal stresses and internal (residual) pressures of quartz inclusions in garnet were numerically simulated with a 3-shell elastic model. Estimated values of residual pressures are inconsistent with the residual pressures estimated from the frequency shifts. Residual pressure slightly depends on P–T conditions at peak metamorphic stage. Laser Raman microspectroscopic analysis of quartz is a potentially powerful method for recovering an ultrahigh pressure metamorphic event. Monocrystalline quartz inclusions yielding a residual pressure greater than 2.5 GPa might indicate the presence of a former coesite.