The Upper Tectonic Unit of the Lavrion area is part of the Attic-Cycladic blueschist belt and was affected by high-pressure, low-temperature metamorphism. Blueschists and greenschists occur in the same outcrop and are believed to have experienced the same pressure–temperature (P–T) history which has been quantified using geothermobarometry and pseudosections for specific bulk-rock compositions. Calculated P–T conditions indicate minimum pressure of ~ 0.9 GPa and temperature of ~370 °C for the peak of metamorphism. The prograde and retrograde paths followed a very similar low geothermal gradient (10–12 °C/km) with cooling during decompression. Pseudosections show that both blueschists and greenschists can exist stably at the metamorphic peak, the dominant amphibole being a function of bulk composition: the blueschists, on average, have lower Mg# than the greenschists, which results in a larger P–T stability field of blue amphibole. A pseudosection analysis of the dehydration behaviour indicates that blueschists and some greenschists can preserve their peak assemblages (no dehydration along the retrograde path), whereas greenschist assemblages, in general, are rather prone to undergo dehydration and hence re-equilibration to lower P–T conditions during exhumation.