Abstract

Cation distributions (CDs) in the representative collection of trans-vacant dioctahedral celadonites, glauconites and ferriillites were investigated using Mössbauer and IR spectroscopies and the original approach. The approach is based on individual quadrupole splittings Δipred for Fe3+ in possible local cation arrangements around Fe3+, and on a computer simulation of two-dimentional CDs using the IR data in the OH stretching vibration region.

The resulting CDs were next used to make correlations between Δj of Fe2+ derived from computer fits to the corresponding spectra and cation composition of local cation arrangements around Fe2+ with their occurrence probabilities. Basing on this correlations, a total of eight individual Δtent for Fe2+ referred as “tentative” have been derived.

The order of local cation arrangements in terms of increasing quadrupole splitting was found to be the same both for Fe3+ and Fe2+ and implies a direct dependence of the Fe2+ quadrupole splitting on the structural distortion at Fe2+ site.

The set of Δitent for Fe2+ combined with Δipred for Fe3+ and with the new CD simulation program provide an additional means for controlling the CD reconstruction.

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