The 4th European Conference on Mineralogy and Spectroscopy (ECMS4) attracted about hundred researchers in the University of Paris Jussieu, 10-14 September 2001. It was a pleasure for the Laboratoire de MineĢralogie-Cristallographie de Paris, who completed 190 years in 1999, to host a conference devoted to new and sometimes unconventional aspects of mineralogy. ECMS4 was following a series of meetings previously organized in Rome (1988), Berlin (1995) and Kiev (1996). The spectroscopy of minerals has rapidly expanded in the last 30 years, with the need of a more complete description of minerals, including trace elements and point defects and expanding to...

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