Two azimuthal resistivity surveys were completed using the square array within the Mamu Formation, Enugu area, Nigeria, to characterize the orientation and porosity of fractures. The target consists of a shallow (<30 m [98 ft]) fracture zone that corresponds to the average completion depth for the water supply wells in the study area. Fracture orientation, fracture porosity, and coefficient of anisotropy of the investigated media were determined from the azimuthal resistivity data. Results of the survey data indicate that the fractures trend generally in the northwest–southeast direction at depths of 7.1, 10.0, 20.0, and 28.3 m (23.3, 32.8, 65.6, and 92.8 ft). The fracture porosity ranged between 0.68% and 17%. The coefficient of anisotropy (λ) ranges between 1.00 and 1.12. Fractures at localities with relatively high values of λ possess relatively high fracture porosity and relatively low specific surface area and thus are more likely to be permeable. These interpretations were in agreement with the information collected at bedrock outcrops during this and previous studies. It is therefore true that the data obtained from this study will enhance the understanding of the permeable zone, fluid migration pattern, and vulnerability of the groundwater to mine drainage problems in the Enugu area.

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