The Susquehanna River Basin drains 27,510 mi2 (71,251 km2), covering parts of New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and provides 50% of the freshwater inflow to the Chesapeake Bay. The Susquehanna River Basin Commission (SRBC) is a federal-interstate compact agency regulating surface and groundwater withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses of water, including those associated with natural gas development. Although specific black gas-bearing shale formations are already identified, including the Marcellus, Utica, Antes, Burket, Geneseo, Mandata, Middlesex, Needmore, and Rhinestreet, the SRBC regulatory activity is applicable to any and all gas-bearing formations (Figure 1). The SRBC does...

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