The assessment of the seismic performance of reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures using the equivalent linearization approach requires comprehensive insight into the nonlinear response of the system, and most previous researches focused on the analysis of a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system. To describe the hysteretic behavior of a multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) system accurately, monotonic and cyclic pushover analyses for 88 RC frames structures with various configurations and design parameters are carried out and a unified hysteresis loop expression modeling the cyclic pushover results of RC frame system is developed. Then, a global equivalent damping based on Jacobsen's approach is derived, and comparisons between the displacements obtained by nonlinear static analysis (NSA) utilizing the derived global equivalent damping and those obtained by nonlinear time history analysis (NTHA) are made. Finally, a modified global equivalent damping is presented by calibrating the derived Jacobsen's equivalent damping through NTHA results. Based on the modified equivalent damping, the statistical analysis of the ratios of the results obtained by NTHA to those obtained by NSA is implemented to predicate the probabilistic seismic displacement demands of RC frame structures.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.